|<< John 20 >>|
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
1 Mary comes to the sepulchre;
3 so do Peter and John, ignorant of the resurrection.
11 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene,
19 and to his disciples.
24 The incredulity and confession of Thomas.
30 The Scripture is sufficient to salvation.
first. 19,26 Ac 20:7 1Co 16:2 Re 1:10
cometh. Mary Magdalene, as well as Peter, was evidently at the sepulchre twice on that morning of the resurrection. The first time of her going was some short time before her companions, the other Mary and Salome (Mat. 28:1); and observing that the stone had been removed, she returned to inform Peter and John. In the meantime, the other Mary and Salome came to the sepulchre, and saw the angel, as recorded by Matthew and Mark. While these women returned to the city, Peter and John went to the sepulchre, passing them at some distance, or going another way, followed by Mary Magdalene, who stayed after their return. This was her second journey; when she saw two angels, and then Jesus himself, as here related; and immediately after Jesus appeared to the other women, as they returned to the city. (Mat. 28:9, 10.) In the meantime Joanna and her company arrived at the sepulchre, when two angels appeared to them, and addressed them as the one angel had done the other women, (Lu. 24:1-10.) They immediately returned to the city, and by some means found the apostles before the others arrived, and informed them of what they had seen; upon which Peter went a second time to the sepulchre, but saw only the linen clothes lying. (Lu. 24:12.)
Mt 28:1 *etc: Mr 16:1,2,9 Lu 24:1-10
the stone. Mt 27:60,64-66 28:2 Mr 15:46 16:3,4
2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the LORD out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
to the. 13:23 19:26 21:7,20,24
They have taken. 9,13,15 Mt 27:63,64
3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre.
4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
outrun. 2Sa 18:23 Le 13:30 1Co 9:24 2Co 8:12
5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.
saw. 11:44 19:40
6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
6:67-69 18:17,25-27 21:7,15-17 Mt 16:15,16 Lu 22:31,32
7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.
8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.
and he. 25,29 1:50
9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
they. Mt 16:21,22 Mr 8:31-33 9:9,10,31,32 Lu 9:45 18:33,34 24:26 Lu 24:44-46
that. Ps 16:10 22:15,22 *etc: Isa 25:8 26:19 53:10-12 Ho 13:14 Ac 2:25-32 13:29-37 1Co 15:4
10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
went. 7:53 16:32
11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre,
12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
seeth. Mt 28:3-5 Mr 16:5,6 Lu 24:3-7,22,23
in. 2Ch 5:12 Da 7:9 Mt 17:2 Ac 1:10 Re 3:4 7:14
13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my LORD, and I know not where they have laid him.
Woman. 2:4 19:26
why. 15 14:27,28 16:6,7,20-22 1Sa 1:8 Ps 43:3-5 Ec 3:4 Jer 31:16 Lu 24:17 Ac 21:13
14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
and saw. So 3:3,4 Mt 28:9 Mr 16:9
and knew. 8:59 21:4 Mr 16:12 Lu 4:30 24:16,31
15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
whom. 1:38 18:4,7 So 3:2 6:1 Mt 28:5 Mr 16:6 Lu 24:5
if. 1Sa 1:16 Mt 12:34
16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
Mary. 10:3 Ge 22:1,11 Ex 3:4 33:17 1Sa 3:6,10 Isa 43:1 Lu 10:41 Ac 9:4 10:3
She. Ge 45:12 So 2:8 *etc: So 3:4 5:2 Mt 14:27
Rabboni. 28 1:38,49 3:2 6:25 11:28 13:13 Mt 23:8-10
17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
Touch. Or rather, 'embrace me not,' or, 'cling not to me,' [me mou hapsomai,] 'Spend no more time with me now in joyful gratulations: for I am not yet immediately going to ascend to my Father; you will have several opportunities of seeing me again; but go and tell my disciples that I shall depart to my Father and your Father.'
27 2Ki 4:29 7:9 Mt 28:7,9 Lu 10:4
my brethren. Ps 22:22 Mt 12:50 25:40 28:10 Ro 8:29 Heb 2:11-13
I ascend. 13:1,3 14:2,6,28 16:28 17:5,11,25 Ps 68:18 89:26 Lu 24:49-51 Eph 1:17-23 4:8-10 1Pe 1:3
your Father. 1:12,13 Ro 8:14-17 2Co 6:18 Ga 3:26 4:6,7 1Jo 3:2 Re 21:7
your God. Ge 17:7,8 Ps 43:4 48:14 Isa 41:10 Jer 31:33 32:38 Eze 36:28 Eze 37:27 Zec 13:7-9 Heb 8:10 11:16 Re 21:3
18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the LORD, and that he had spoken these things unto her.
came. Mt 28:10 Mr 16:10-13 Lu 24:10
19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
the same. Mr 16:14 Lu 24:36-49 1Co 15:5
when. 26 Ne 6:10,11
came. 14:19-23 16:22 Mt 18:20
Peace. 21 14:27 16:33 Ps 85:8-10 Isa 57:18,19 Mt 10:13 Lu 24:36 Ro 15:33 Eph 2:14 6:23 Php 1:2 2Th 3:16 Heb 7:2 Re 1:4
20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the LORD.
he shewed. 27 Lu 24:39,40 1Jo 1:1
Then. 16:22 Isa 25:8,9 Mt 28:8 Lu 24:41
21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
as. 13:20 17:18,19 21:15-17 Isa 63:1-3 Mt 10:16,40 28:18-20 Mr 16:15-18 Lu 24:47-49 Ac 1:8 2Ti 2:2 Heb 3:1
22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
he breathed. Ge 2:7 Job 33:4 Ps 33:6 Eze 37:9
Receive. 14:16 15:26 16:7 Ac 2:4,38 4:8 8:15 10:47 19:2 Ga 3:2
23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
Mt 16:19 18:18 Mr 2:5-10 Ac 2:38 10:43 13:38,39 1Co 5:4 2Co 2:6-10 Eph 2:20 1Ti 1:20
24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
Thomas. 11:16 14:5 21:2 Mt 10:3
was. 6:66,67 Mt 18:20 Heb 10:25
25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the LORD. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
We. 14-20 1:41 21:7 Mr 16:11 Lu 24:34-40 Ac 5:30-32 10:40,41 1Co 15:5-8
Except. 20 6:30 Job 9:16 Ps 78:11-22,32 95:8-10 106:21-24 Mt 16:1-4 27:42 Lu 24:25,39-41 Heb 3:12,18,19 4:1,2 10:38,39
26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
eight. 19 Mt 17:1 Lu 9:28
Peace. 19 Isa 26:12 27:5 54:10
27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
Reach hither thy finger. 25 Ps 78:38 103:13,14 Ro 5:20 1Ti 1:14-16 1Jo 1:1,2
reach hither thy hand. 1Jo 1:1
and be. Mt 17:17 Mr 9:19 Lu 9:41 1Ti 1:14
28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My LORD and my God.
My Lord. The disbelief of the apostle is the means of furnishing us with a full and satisfactory demonstration of the resurrection of our Lord. Throughout the divine dispensations every doctrine and ever important truth is gradually revealed; and here we have a conspicuous instance of the progressive system. An angel first declares the glorious event; the empty sepulchre confirms the women's report. Christ's appearance to Mary Magdalene shewed that he was alive; that to the disciples at Emmaus proved that it was at the least the spirit of Christ; that to the eleven shewed the reality of his body; and the conviction given to Thomas proved it the self-same body that had been crucified. Incredulity itself is satisfied; and the convinced apostle exclaims, in the joy of his heart, 'My Lord and my God!'
16,31 5:23 9:35-38 Ps 45:6,11 102:24-28 118:24-28 Isa 7:14 9:6 25:9 Isa 40:9-11 Jer 23:5,6 Mal 3:1 Mt 14:33 Lu 24:52 Ac 7:59,60 1Ti 3:16 Re 5:9-14
29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
blessed. 8 4:48 Lu 1:45 2Co 5:7 Heb 11:1,27,39 1Pe 1:8
30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
21:25 Lu 1:3,4 Ro 15:4 1Co 10:11 2Ti 3:15-17 2Pe 3:1,2 1Jo 1:3,4 5:13
31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
these. 28 1:49 6:69,70 9:35-38 Ps 2:7,12 Mt 16:16 27:54 Lu 1:4 Ac 8:37 9:20 Ro 1:3,4 1Jo 4:15 5:1,10,20 2Jo 1:9 Re 2:18
believing. 3:15,16,18,36 5:24,39,40 6:40 10:10 Mr 16:16 1Pe 1:9 1Jo 2:23-25 5:10-13
through. Lu 24:47 Ac 3:16 10:43 13:38,39